Editor’s Note: The following is the text of President Woodrow Wilson’s proclamation creating Sieur de Monts National Monument, which eventually became today’s Acadia National Park.
No. 1339 – July 8, 1916 – 39 Stat. 1785
Whereas, the Hancock County Trustees of Public Reservations, State of Maine, did, on the 10th day of June, 1916, pursuant to the Act of Congress entitled, “An Act for the Preservation of American Antiquities,” approved June 8, 1906, (34 Stat., 225), by their certain deed of conveyance, properly executed in writing and acknowledged, give, grant and convey to the United States of America the following described lands at that time held by them in private ownership and being located upon Mount Desert Island in the State of Maine, and bounded and particularly described as follows, to wit: “Beginning at a large hemlock tree in the west line of land of Charles C. Burrill, said tree marking the southwest corner of the Humphrey Stanwood Lot, so called; thence south six degrees thirty minutes west, but everywhere following the west line of said land of Burrill, one thousand three hundred and thirty-eight feet, more or less, to the southwest corner of said land of Burrill; thence on same course, south six degrees thirty minutes west, following the west line of land formerly of John B. and Charles T. How, now of George B. Dorr, four hundred and twelve and five-tenths feet to an iron bolt set in the ledge and a cross cut in the ledge on Kebo Mountain, said bolt marking the southwest corner of said land of Dorr; thence, following the south line of said land of Dorr, south eighty-three degrees thirty minutes east six hundred and forty-five feet to a cedar stake driven in the ground; thence south seven degrees five minutes east five hundred and ninety-eight feet to a cedar stake driven in the ground……”
(Six pages of detailed deed description omitted.)
Whereas, the said conveyance has been accepted by the Secretary of the Interior in the manner and for the purposes prescribed in said act of Congress, and;
Whereas, the said lands embrace about five thousand acres adjacent to and including the summit of Mount Desert Island, which island was discovered by Samuel de Champlain and upon which he first landed when, acting under the authority of Sieur de Monts, he explored and described the present New England coast, an exploration and discovery of great historic interest. The topographic configuration, the geology, the fauna and the flora of the island, largely embraced within the limits of the Monument, also, are of great scientific interest:
Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the power and authority in me vested by Section 2 of said Act of Congress, do hereby declare and proclaim that the said lands hereinbefore described and which are located within the irregular tract and fully delineated on the diagram hereto attached and made a part hereof, are hereby reserved and set apart as a National Monument, to be known and recognized as the Sieur de Monts National Monument.
Warning is hereby expressly given to all unauthorized persons not to appropriate, injure, destroy or remove any of the features or objects included within the boundaries of this Monument and not to locate or settle upon any of the lands thereof.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the City of Washington, this 8th day of July in the year of
our Lord one thousand nine hundred and sixteen, and of the (seal) Independence of the United States the one hundred and forty-first.
Woodrow Wilson, President
Editor’s Note: Monument changed to Lafayette National Park by act of Feb. 26, 1919 (40 Stat. 1178). Name changed to Acadia National Park by act of Jan. 19, 1929 (45 Stat 1083).